Current and Upcoming Research Activities:
Understanding Variability, Creating Resilience
Combining a critical anthropological perspective with the comparative study of social complexity reveals how societies transform. Archaology provides the methods and theory necessary to understand the contexts in which those social dynamics emerged. The first cities of South Asia provide a detailed record of social change, constituting an ideal dataset for understanding transformation in humanity’s career.
Questions about these critical social dynamics converge in Harappan archaeology (2600-1900 B.C.), where researchers have documented a complex urbanization process that required interaction among many social groups. In Stamp Seals in the Political Economy of South Asia’s Earliest Cities, Dr. Green investigated relationships between people who made and used stamp seals. By developing a perspective that drew upon particular relationships between artisans and seal users, he laid the groundwork for addressing important comparative questions about social change. High resolution techniques, such as experimental replication, 3D scanning and microscopy, 3D modeling, and detailed spatial analysis powered by geographical information systems (GIS) make identifying such relationships possible.
In the field, he uses targeted and systematic field methods to generate high quality archaeological datasets. Archaeology is a team endeavor; every project requires a wide range of collaborations at institutional and individual levels. Rigorous archaeological survey that draws on new techniques (e.g. remote sensing, ground-penetrating radar, magnetometry, LiDAR, and systematic surface mapping and sampling powered by the latest digital technologies) is a necessity. Equally important is an ongoing engagement and dialogue with people who have a stake in archaeological research. Land owners, villagers, developers, governments, students, specialists, and citizens all have interests in archaeological research, and it is critical to proactively establish conversations that can shape the course of fieldwork. Prioritizing these conversations makes it possible to ethically assess the impact of a particular archaeology project.
Updated July 28, 2017